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Please use our steel and metal guide below to better understand common alloy uses and characteristics.
|6061||bar, sheet, plate, pipe, tube & structural||Most common, high strength, good welding, gradual radius forming|
|3003||diamond plate||shiny, formable, weldable|
|5086||diamond plate||good corrosion resistance, fair formability|
|5754||top grip||extra traction, formable, weldable|
|5052||sheet, plate||formable, weldable|
|2024||bars, plate||high strength, aircraft applications, good machining, poor welding|
|7075||bars, plate||high strength, aircraft applications, good machining, poor welding|
|2011||bars||screw machine stock, excellent machining, poor welding|
|2017||bars||screw machine stock, excellent machining, poor welding|
|6262||bars||screw machine stock, excellent machining, poor welding|
|CAST||jig plate||specialized for jigs & fixtures, very flat, highly stable, poor welding|
|6063||structural, tube, pipe||medium strength, formable for large radius, weldable, machineable|
|303||bars||good machining, poor welding|
|304||bar, sheet, plate, tube, pipe, structurual||good welding, fair machining|
|316||sheet, rounds||good welding, excellent corrosion resistance, fair machining|
|17-4||rounds||high strength, good corrosion resistance|
|A-36||sheet, plate, bar||most common type, good welding, forming, strength, poor machining|
|1018||bar, sheet||most common cold rolled grade, strong, good welding, fair machining|
|1045||pate, bar||medium carbon, high strength, good welding, poor forming, most common shaft material|
|4140-A||pate, bar||high strength, good wear and abrasion resistance|
|4140-HT||pate, bar||high strength, good wear and abrasion resistance, heated to a higher "rock well", poor machining|
|12L14||bars||leaded machine stock, great machining, poor welding|
|1144||bars||similar to 1045, high strength shaft alloy, good welding, good machining|
|1055||blade or edge||high strength, good welding, poor forming|
|T-1||plate||321 Brinnel Hardness, high strength, good welding, good machining, hard to bend|
|AR 200||sheet, plate||shearable, formable, abrasion resistant, 200 Brinnel Hardness|
|AR 400||sheet, plate||too hard to shear, abrasion resistant, 400 Brinnel Hardness|
|1215||bars||great machinability, good welding, screw machine stock|
|8620||bars||strong, good welding, fair machinability|
|COR-TEN||sheet, plate||higher strength than A36, good corrosion resistance|
|GRADE 50||sheet, plate||higher strength than A36, good corrosion resistance|
|GRADE 70||plate pressure vestel||good machining, good toughness|
|GRADE 80||plate pressure vestel||good machining, good toughness|
|FREE MAX||plate||excellent machinability|
An alloy is a mixture of metals melted together to form a new metal with characteristics different from those metals from which it is made.
Primarily made of iron, with a substantial amount of chromium and nickel added during the alloying process, makes up stainless steels. Metallurgists have produced a whole range of different stainless steel alloys, the most notable for architects being the variation of the chemistry of stainless steel alloy #316 to produce a higher corrosion-resistant alloy which is used in many marine environments. Chromium and nickel impart the “stainless” aspect to an otherwise rustable iron (and are also responsible for the price of stainless steels being so much higher compared to hot rolled and cold finished steels).
An Aluminum alloy is a metal primarily of pure aluminum, mixed with different alloying elements that give rise to an entire range of materials, each of which is designed to maximize a particular characteristic such as strength, ductility, formability, machinability, or electrical conductivity.
Aluminum is the most commonly used and commercially available metal. Its light weight and high strength-to-weight ratio make it a good choice for everything from aluminum tubing, aluminum plate, to pipe to just about anything else you can make out of metal.